Back, neck and spine relief
Dvectis activated dynamic sitting has a positive effect not only on spine, but also on the functional defects of the musculoskeletal system.
Functional disorders of the musculoskeletal system are functional disorders without structural changes. The balance between the muscle and joint systems and their neural regulation ensures correct function of the musculoskeletal system. Proper function is achieved by a tuned interplay of these structures. The ideal state can be very easily influenced by various stimuli from within or outside of the body. Our today's poor sedentary lifestyle, improper diet, and stress very often lead to formation of functional disorders. Unfortunately, these disorders increasingly affect not only adults but also children. It is important to realize that long-term misalignment of our musculoskeletal functions leads to damage to the structure. The function is a crucial factor for the emergence and pain formation.
Functional disorders occur at three levels
1. Central regulation function
From birth, each person creates their exercise habits and stereotypes. They form a system of conditioned and unconditioned reflexes that arise on the basis of recurring stimuli and impulses. The basic motion stereotypes, called postural stereotypes, include lying, sitting, standing, and posture. The locomotion stereotypes are, among others, walking, running, manual activities, and breathing. Motion stereotypes can be divided into first and second order stereotypes. First order stereotypes are determined genetically, that is automatically, and constitute the fundamental matrix, which is roughly the same in all individuals. Second order stereotypes are formed by individual development of functional connections. It is important to understand how stereotypes develop, fixate, and change. Erroneous motion stereotypes are most often a result of a failure of the central control, resulting in impaired muscle coordination. Erroneous stereotypes are not permanent, they can be altered as a result of internal changes in the body or changes in the external environment. Fixated wrong stereotypes are hard to remove, with the success rate getting even lower with higher age.
2. Muscle function
In order to achieve the most effective movement, muscle strenght, and proper and fast use of muscles during motion while putting even load on joints, it is essential to ensure balance of muscle tension among muscles on opposite sides of the joint, called antagonists. If there are either external or internal influences that lead to adaptation changes inside the organism, the muscles with a tendency to weaken (dynamic muscles) get weaker and postural muscles, which tend to shorten, become shorter. This creates muscular imbalance. If such malfunction in muscle tensions is not cured, it will eventually lead to a vicious cycle. On one side, the shortened muscles will pull the motion segment more and more to its side, while the muscles on the other side will become even weaker. Muscle imbalance can be imagined as a swinging door which is held in place by two springs. If the door is to move freely from side to side, the two springs must be in balance. Otherwise, the shortened spring pulls the door to its side. The cause of muscle imbalance is inappropriate functional load, which can be either insufficient or one-sided. One-sided load may be dynamic or static. Dynamic one-sided load mostly affects athletes. Therefore, it is of great importance to think about balance in straining certain muscle groups when doing sports.
3. Joint function
Each joint has to have a certain range of movement and direction. All joints are in harmony with the muscles, and they affect each other. In case of injuries, inflammation, or degenerative diseases, joints became limited in the range of their motion. This results in blocks and pain. In functional disorders of the joints, it is necessary to reduce joint hypermobility, which is an increased range of normal movement in the joint. It can be local – caused by exercising (gymnastics) – or general, which is characterized by an overall increase in flexibility (laxity) of solid tissues, such as joint capsules and ligaments.
In general hypermobility, it is necessary to re-strengthen the muscle corset as hypermobility causes functional disorders of the joints and muscles.